The Tripartite Associations between Bacteriophage, Wolbachia, and Arthropods
http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.0020043

Seth Bordenstein, Michelle M. Marshall, Adam J. Fry, Ulandt Kim, Jennifer Wernegreen, PLoS Pathogens


This research paper describes a set of quantitative approaches to characterizing phage densities and its associations with bacterial densities and cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) within Wolbachia. The findings motivate a novel phage density model of CI in which lytic phage repress Wolbachia densities and therefore reproductive parasitism. The paper concludes that phage, Wolbachia, and arthropods form a tripartite symbiotic association in which all three are integral to understanding the biology of this widespread endosymbiosis.

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Subject: Biology, :Microbiology:Methods of Microbiology :Molecular Methods, Microscopy, Biology:Evolution:Processes, Biology:Microbiology, Evolution:Patterns, Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations, Biology:Evolution:Principles
Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Research Results
Grade Level: Graduate/Professional, College Upper (15-16)