Metazoans in Extreme Environments: Adaptations of Hydrothermal Vent and Hydrocarbon Seep Fauna

Erin R. McMullin, Derk C. Bergquist, Charles R. Fisher, Gravitational and Space Biology Bulletin

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This Gravitational and Space Biology Bulletin article examines the challenges of living on or near a hydrothermal vent or hydrothermal seep system. It particularly In particular, it describes the diversity and adaptations of multicellular animals that are capable of surviving extreme temperature (hot and cold), hypoxia/anoxia (low/no oxygen), and toxicity (sulfides and heavy metals).

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Subject: Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations:Mutualism, Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations, Metabolism, Habitats:Marine, Biology:Microbiology, Diversity, Ecology:Habitats:Benthic
Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Overview/Reference Work
Grade Level: College Upper (15-16), Graduate/Professional, College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12)
Extreme Environments: Anoxic, High Pressure, Extremely Cold, Extremely Hot
Ocean Environments: Deep Sea Floor/Abyssal:Hydrothermal Systems
Topics: Biosphere:Ecology:Metabolism, Abiotic Relations, Habitats:Marine, Benthic, Biosphere:Microbiology, Diversity, Ecology:Symbiotic RelationsKeywords: polychaetes, Alvinella pomejana, Alvinella caudata, Paralvinella sulfincola, Riftia