Metazoans in Extreme Environments: Adaptations of Hydrothermal Vent and Hydrocarbon Seep Fauna

Erin R. McMullin, Derk C. Bergquist, Charles R. Fisher, Gravitational and Space Biology Bulletin

This Gravitational and Space Biology Bulletin article examines the challenges of living on or near a hydrothermal vent or hydrothermal seep system. It particularly In particular, it describes the diversity and adaptations of multicellular animals that are capable of surviving extreme temperature (hot and cold), hypoxia/anoxia (low/no oxygen), and toxicity (sulfides and heavy metals).

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Subject: Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations:Mutualism, Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations, Metabolism, Habitats:Marine, Biology:Microbiology, Diversity, Ecology:Habitats:Benthic
Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Overview/Reference Work
Grade Level: College Upper (15-16), Graduate/Professional, College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12)
Extreme Environments: Anoxic, High Pressure, Extremely Cold, Extremely Hot
Ocean Environments: Deep Sea Floor/Abyssal:Hydrothermal Systems
Topics: Biosphere:Ecology:Metabolism, Abiotic Relations, Habitats:Marine, Benthic, Biosphere:Microbiology, Diversity, Ecology:Symbiotic RelationsKeywords: polychaetes, Alvinella pomejana, Alvinella caudata, Paralvinella sulfincola, Riftia