The Montana-Yellowstone Geologic Field Guide Database
A Digital Resource for Integrating Field-Based Research, Teaching, and Learning
Integrating Research and Education > Montana-Yellowstone Geologic Field Guide Database > Search the Database

Search the Database

Use this page to search our collection of educationally-useful geologic field guides and road logs in Montana and Yellowstone. You may search the database by entering a keyword to search or choosing one of the listed terms for geologic topic, geographic location, or geologic province.


Help

Results 41 - 50 of 54 matches

Heart Mountain Detachment Fault and Clastic Dikes of Fault Breccia, and Heart Mountain Break-Away Fault, Wyoming and Montana part of MT Field Guides
This field guide describes the geology of two sites near Silver Gate, MT (near Cooke City) where different features related to the Heart Mountain detachment are displayed. At the first site, several features pertaining to the origin of the Heart Mountain detachment fault can be examined, including: (1) severely deformed upper plate rocks in contact with undeformed lower plate rocks; (2) the character and composition of the fault breccia; (3) contacts of volcanic rocks with upper plate blocks and the Heart Mountain fault; and (4) dikes of carbonate fault-breccia injected into both upper plate blocks and overlying volcanic rocks. The second site is an exposure of the Heart Mountain break-away fault.

Topics: Fossils, Structures, Sedimentary rocks, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: South-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

The Hebgen Lake Earthquake Area, Montana and Wyoming part of MT Field Guides
Several high-angle normal faults bounding the west front of the Madison Range north of Hebgen Lake, recurrently active during much of Neogene time, reactivated catastrophically on August 7, 1959. Faulting was accompanied by largest historic earthquake within the Intermountain Seismic Belt. Unusual geologic features were formed--spectacular fault scarps, a large landslide, a deformed lake basin (Hebgen Lake), and a new lake (Earthquake Lake)--each of which demonstrates the destructive power of a large eathquake. These features are described in the context of the bedrock geology in this field guide.

Topics: Hazards, Surficial geology, Structures, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of the Paleocene Fort Union Formation along the Powder River, Montana and Wyoming part of MT Field Guides
The Paleocene Fort Union Formation in the Powder River Basin in Montana and Wyoming and adjoining areas contains a large number of very thick, closely spaced coal beds that make up some of the largest coal reserves in the United States. The main purpose of this field guide is to provide a knowledge of the stratigraphy, fluvial facies sequences, and depositional environments of portions of this coal resource at three main localities along the Powder River. Field data from measured sections and outcrop descriptions are synthesized into a depositional model for the origin of the Tongue River Member of the Powder River Formation.

Topics: Resources, Sedimentary rocks, Fossils
Geographic Location: Southeast Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Depositional Surfaces in the Eagle Sandstone at Billings, Montana part of MT Field Guides
Marine shelf sandstones and barrier bars are commonly formed by lateral accretion of sand bodies with time lines inclined to the formation boundaries. Shelton (1965) described low-angle inclined bedding in the lowermost sandstone unit of the Eagle Sandstone at Billings, Montana. He recognized these beds as shoreface accretion surfaces of a barrier bar and likened them to those found on present-day Galveston Island, Texas. The Billings location provides an excellent opportunity to examine an important hydrocarbon reservoir rock of the Northern Rocky Mountain region.

Topics: Resources, Sedimentary rocks, Fossils
Geographic Location: South-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

A Study in Contrasts: Archean and Quaternary Geology of the Beartooth Highway, Montana and Wyoming part of MT Field Guides
Nowhere in the U.S. are the oldest and the most recent aspects of geology as spectacularly displayed as along the Beartooth Highway. The Beartooth Mountains are a block of largely Archean bedrock uplifted along high-angle reverse faults of Laramide age. The Precambrian rocks (3400-700 Ma) contain one of the best records of the early history of the igneous and metamorphic basement of the middle Rocky Mountains. These rocks include granulite-facies supracrustal rocks proposed as products of continental collision, calc-alkaline volcanic and plutonic rocks generated along an Archean continental margin, and mafic dikes some of which were emplaced during continental rifting. This Precambrian record encompasses at least two extensive periods of crustal evolution and records more geologic history at one location than any other place in the Wyoming Province. Descriptions of two key areas showing the fundamental relations between the Precambrian rocks are included: the Quad Creek area and the Long Lake area. The Beartooth Plateau has been extensively sculpted by glacial processes during the Pleistocene. The highway crosses a classic locality of "biscuit-board topography"--plateau remnants partially dissected by cirques--as well as deposits left by glaciers that etched the plateau. Features to be seen include glacio-fluvial terraces showing downstream effects of the glacial system and extensive areas of periglacial features that postdate glaciation. Glacial features are described from the Red Lodge area, Rock Creek Canyon, the hairpin turns, the Beartooth Plateau, and the Clark Fork basin.

Topics: Sedimentary rocks, Igneous rocks, Surficial geology, Metamorphic rocks
Geographic Location: South-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

The Stillwater Complex, Southern Montana; A Layered Mafic Intrusion part of MT Field Guides
Layered complexes provide the most visible evidence of processes of magmatic differentiation; thus, they occupy a central place in the study of igneous petrology. Such complexes are not only scientifically rewarding, they are host to several types of mineral deposits, including copper-nickel, chromium, and platinum-group elements. The Stillwater Complex is one of the world's great layered mafic intrusions, distinguished not so much by its size as by the fact that it is tilted on its side, and erosion has exposed the layering to ready access. This fieldguide presents a summary of the geology of the complex in the Benbow and Mountain View areas. The Benbow area offers easy access to a variety of rocks from the ultramafic series and chromite deposits but only limited exposures of features from the banded series. The Mountain View area offers easy access to most of the banded series and the platinum deposits.

Topics: Resources, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: South-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

Geology of the Butte Mining District part of MT Field Guides
The Butte mining district is one of the major mining districts of the world with continuous production from both underground and open pit mines for 119 years, from 1864 to 1983. During this time, mining activites at Butte have introduced many firsts in mining methods, techniques of mine mapping, and the detailed recording of geologic data. This field guide describes the geology of the mineral deposits, provides a geologic map of the district, and concludes with a tour of eight locations of interest, including Alice pit, Syndicate pit, Berkeley pit, the Emma and Orphan Boy veins of the Anaconda system, the World Museum of Mining, and the Montana Tech Mineral Museum.

Topics: Resources, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene Sequence, Bug Creek Area, Northeastern Montana part of MT Field Guides
Study of the Late Cretaceous-Paleocene sequence in the Bug Creek Area and the rest of the Fort Peck Fossil Field has contributed greatly to our understanding of the paleoecology and stratigraphy of dinosaur extinction and the primary radiation of Tertiary placental mammals. The area features at least 133 species of spores and pollen, 93 species of Cretaceous vertebrates (including 30 species of mammals and 19 species of dinosaurs), 24 species of Paleocene mammals, as well as the oldest ungulate and primate specimens ever found. Fossil leaves and wood have also been described. The area also includes well-studied localities of the K/T boundary containing Ir-rich clay and shocked quartz. No section of terrestrial sediments across the K/T boundary has been studied in as many ways as this one. This has been and will continue to be a major locality at which to study evidence for various hypotheses about the events at the K/T boundary.

Topics: Sedimentary rocks, Fossils
Geographic Location: Northeast Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Structural Geology of the Sawtooth Range at Sun River Canyon, Montana Disturbed Belt, Montana part of MT Field Guides
The Sawtooth Range is one of the best exposed examples of imbricate thrust faulting in the foreland fold and thrust belt of the western United States. It is an outstanding field classroom for the demonstration of stratal shortening and the various structural features associated with thrust belt terranes. This 7-stop traverse through Sun River Canyon offers excellent exposures of thrust contacts along the road and panoramic views of stacked thrust sheets and demonstrates the dependence of structural style on relative competence of units in the stratigraphic section.

Topics: Structures, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Hydrologic Aspects of Metal Mine Impacts on Upper Clark Fork Superfund Sites, Butte - Warm Springs, MT part of MT Field Guides
This road log concentrates on environmental impacts of historic mining activities in the Butte Mining District, particularly with regard to water quality. The trip decribes the general geology between Bozeman and Butte and provides a detailed overview of the geology, hydrogeology, mineralization, and mining history in the Butte district. Specific topics included in this field guide are: water quality changes in underground mines and the Berkeley Pit, impacts and remediation of mine tailings and processing plants (mills, smelters, and reduction plants), and groundwater contamination and remediation. Detailed information from geotechnical and hydrogeological studies related to these topics is included.

Topics: Hydrology, Environmental Geology
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt