The Montana-Yellowstone Geologic Field Guide Database
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Use this page to search our collection of educationally-useful geologic field guides and road logs in Montana and Yellowstone. You may search the database by entering a keyword to search or choosing one of the listed terms for geologic topic, geographic location, or geologic province.


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Results 11 - 20 of 54 matches

Field Guide; North Moccasin and Judith Mountains part of MT Field Guides
The emphasis of this field trip is to examine gold mineralization hosted in karsts breccias at the Kendall mining district and the relationship between intrusives, Paleozoic sedimentary rocks and mineralization in the Judith Mountains.

Topics: Surficial geology, Hydrology, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: North-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Field Guide; Little Rocky Mountains part of MT Field Guides
This fieldtrip examines deformed Paleozoic sedimentary rocks on the margins of the Little Rocky Mountains, Tertiary intrusive rocks (porphyrys, magmatic-hydrothermal breccias, and dikes), and associated mineralization.

Topics: Fossils, Resources, Structures, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks
Geographic Location: North-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Field Guide; Little Rocky Mountains part of MT Field Guides
This fieldtrip examines deformed Paleozoic sedimentary rocks on the margins of the Little Rocky Mountains, Tertiary intrusive rocks (porphyrys, magmatic-hydrothermal breccias, and dikes), and associated mineralization.

Topics: Metamorphic rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: North-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Bones and Rocks of the Upper Cretaceous Two Medicine-Judith River Clastic Wedge Complex, Montana part of MT Field Guides
The purpose of this field trip is to provide an overview of the paleontologic, stratigraphic, and paleoenvironmental aspects of the Upper Cretaceous Two Medicine-Judith River clastic wedge in western Montana. Strata of the Two Medicine Formation yielded the first evidence of such dinosaur social behavior as nest construction and parental care, and have provided important information concerning the processes of bonebed formation in the fossil record. The correlative Judith River Formation in Montana has yielded an abundant and diverse dinosaur fossil record primarily preserved as transported and concentrated accumulations of vertebrate remains ("microsites"). The geology and paleontology of four fossil localities [Seven Mile Hill, Shield's Crossing, Willow Creek Anticline (Egg Mountain), and the Badger Creek/Two Medicine River confluence] are described, but precise details concerning the locations of the sites are not given in the field guide.

Topics: Fossils, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: North-Central Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains

Early Proterozoic Geology of the Highland Mountains, Southwestern Montana, and Field Guide to the Basement Rocks that Compose the Highland Mountain Gneiss Dome part of MT Field Guides
The Highland Mountains are underlain by the largest of the northwesternmost exposures of basement crystalline rocks in southwestern Montana....Metasedimentary rocks in the Highland Mountains are in part lithologically similar to the Late Archean multilithologic sequence (in the Tobacco Root, Ruby, and the northern Madison and Gravelly Ranges), but are considerably thinner. In the Highland Mountains the individual beds of aluminous schist, marble, quartzite, and iron-formation extend for only short distances, but the assemblage as a whole is mappable. It nowhere exceeds 300 ft (100 m) in thickness and appears to pinch out to the north....these rocks in the Highlands, unlike those to the southeast, are overlain by more than 10,000 ft (3000 m) of aluminous biotite gneiss that may have been deposited as muds basinward from the Late Archean shelf edge.

Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

A Traverse Through the Banded Series in the Contact Mountain Area part of MT Field Guides
This traverse through the Banded Series of the Stillwater Complex follows the section described in detail by McCallum and others (1980)....Unusual or particularly interesting features are highlighted by the 22 localities along the traverse. In view of the nearly continuous outcrop, however, there is much of interest to see between localities, and full appreciation of the entire section would require several days. Nonetheless, most of the important rock types can be seen on a 1-day trip.

Topics: Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

Helena and the North Border Zone of the Boulder Batholith, Montana part of MT Field Guides
The geologic descriptions for this road log roughly follow the scalloped north edge of the Boulder batholith. The will be ample opportunity to examine the intrusive rocks, and to the north, the broad border zone of contact-metamorphosed Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rocks. The route will follow the highway eastward, with a stop in granodiorite of the batholith. The log then detours to the south into the mountains along Colorado Gulch to view skarn and hornfels developed in the Madison Group and Three Forks Formation in a "septum" (or "screen") of country rock caught between two lobes of the batholith. The log returns to Highway 12 and continues east to Helena's Reeder's Alley and Grizzly Gulch. After a visit to a talc vein and teh unconformity between Precambrian (Belt) and Cambrian formations, the trip leaves Helena southbound on Interstate 15. Near Montana City are stops at an outcrop of hornfelsed, stromatolitic Helena Formation (Precambrian Belt Supergroup) and at the contact with the Boulder batholith. The final stop is to examine the complex of intrusions, wall- or roof-rock inclusions and structures in the batholith's border zone. In this area, Precambrian, Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary rocks dip southwest and south toward the intrusion. Within about one to two miles from the batholith, the sedimentary sequence is contact-metamorphosed, yet in most places sedimentary structures are remarkably well preserved.

Topics: Structures, Resources, Metamorphic rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Geology of the Stillwater Complex Exposed in the Mountain View Area and on the West Side of Stillwater Canyon part of MT Field Guides
The part of the Stillwater Complex exposed on the west side of the Stillwater canyon has been the site of concentrated prospecting and geology activity since Jack Nye and Jimmy and Jonas Hedges found sulfide-rich rocks there in 1883. Readily seen in this area are well-studied and excellent exposures of: (1) most rock types, (2) ore deposits and mineralized occurrences, (3) structural features and (4) stratigraphic and age relations between the metamorphosed sedimentary rocks and the layered ultramafic-mafic stratiform intrusion. In addition, there are good exposures of a quartz monzonitic suite, which intrudes the complex and the metamorphosed sedimentary rocks, and of the Beartooth gneisses. Because the rocks in this area have been deformed by several episodes of faulting, a synopsis of the structural relations is given to clarify the geologic setting. Detailed overviews of the geology specific to the area are presented, and the geology of the more interesting exposures in the area is described in a road log that begins in the Ultramafic series, proceeds through the Basal series, the Banded series, and the quartz monzonite that cuts the complex, and ends in the Beartooth gneisses.

Topics: Resources, Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province

A Traverse Across the Central Belt Basin From Bowmans Corner, Montana to East Hope, Idaho part of MT Field Guides
This road log highlights a variety of sedimentary rock types and structures along a transect of the Rocky Mountain Fold and Thrust Belt. The log follows Montana Highway 200, which crosses the central part of the Middle Proterozoic Belt basin from the Montana disturbed belt to Missoula, where it turns northwesterly into northern Idaho, traversing rocks of the western and northwestern Belt basin. The road log begins east of the Rocky Mountain front in the disturbed belt underlain by soft, Cretaceous shale and somewhat more resistant sandstone units. Next, the road log passes into the eastern thrust belt where thrust faults bring Belt rocks first over Cretaceous, then over Paleozoic rocks, and finally over Proterozoic rocks farther to the west. At Rogers Pass, the route crosses the Continental Divide and into the Ovando block where Cenozoic listric normal faults form the major structures. The leading edge of the western thrust belt is encountered at Bonner, MT. From Missoula, Highway 200 trends northwestward to northern Idaho and diagonally crosses the western part of the Belt basin. Changes in grain-size and sediment type observable from outcrops along this road log illustrate the evolution of sedimentary transport and facies tracts within the central part of the Belt basin.

Topics: Surficial geology, Structures, Fossils, Metamorphic rocks, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Cumulate Xenoliths in the Lodgepole, Enos Mountain and Susie Peak Intrusions: A Guide part of MT Field Guides
The Lodgepole, Enos Mountain and Susie Peak plutons represent multiple intrusions of intermediate magma that were emplaced at depths ranging from near-surface to 2 km during the Late Cretaceous....These intrusions lie, respectively, 8, 9 and 12 km north of the nearest outcrops of the Stillwater Complex. The Lodgepole intrusion is composed of an early, dacitic phase and a later, dioritic phase; the diorite contains abundant xenoliths (maximum 31 cm diameter) in the area north of Clover Basin near its west margin. These xenoliths include foliated mafic amphibolite, gneiss, Paleozoic sedimentary rocks and mafic cumulates. Smaller xenoliths of similar rock types are found in the Enos Mountain and Susie Peak intrusions....Mineral compositions and textures lead to the conclusion that the cumulate xenoliths were brought up from a buried underlying extension of the Stillwater Complex.

Topics: Igneous rocks
Geographic Location: Southwest Montana
Geologic Province: Central Rocky Mountains Foreland Province