The Montana-Yellowstone Geologic Field Guide Database
A Digital Resource for Integrating Field-Based Research, Teaching, and Learning
Integrating Research and Education > Montana-Yellowstone Geologic Field Guide Database > Search the Database

Search the Database

Use this page to search our collection of educationally-useful geologic field guides and road logs in Montana and Yellowstone. You may search the database by entering a keyword to search or choosing one of the listed terms for geologic topic, geographic location, or geologic province.


Help

Show all pages

Current Search Limits

Geographic Location

showing only Northwest Montana Show all Geographic Location

Results 1 - 7 of 7 matches

A Traverse Across the Northern Belt Basin From East Glacier Park, Montana to Bonners Ferry, Idaho part of MT Field Guides
This field guide examines differences between three segments of the Belt Basin along an east-west transect from East Glacier Park, Montana to Bonners Ferry, Idaho. Each segment is characterized not only by its structural style, but also by the suite of Belt rocks that comprise it. The easternmost segment consists of the Lewis thrust plate and associated thrusts as far west as Columbia Falls, Montana where it is terminated by the Rocky Mountain trench. This segment contains eastern Belt facies including: Altyn, Appekunny, Grinnell and Helena (Siyeh), Snowslip, Shepard, Mount Shields and McNamara formations. Fine sediments in these rocks, probably derived from a western continental source terrane, were deposited adjacent to the stable North American craton, where they were mixed with smaller amounts of coarse sand derived from an inferred coarse sand sheet that mantled the crystalline craton. The central segment extends from the Rocky Mountain trench to the Libby thrust system. It is characterized by broad, open folds that expose Belt rocks of the central part of the basin, including a thick section of Prichard, Burke, Revett, St. Regis, Empire, Wallace and Helena formations. These rocks are composed mostly of argillite, carbonate and fine-grained quartzite. The western segment includes the Libby thrust and Leonia fault system. It extends as far west as the Purcell trench. Exposed in this area are rocks from the Prichard through the Missoula Group. Rocks of the Ravalli Group and the Wallace Formation contain more fine-to medium-grained quartzite than those of the central segment, reflecting a western source. However, the Missoula Group rocks are finer grained and more calcareous than those of the type area, indicating that late in the Middle Proterozoic the western source terrane probably subsided and that the basin center shifted westward.

Topics: Surficial geology, Structures, Fossils, Metamorphic rocks, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

A Traverse Across the Eastern Belt Basin From Neihart to Townsend, Montana part of MT Field Guides
This road log focuses on Precambrian (Proterozoic) sedimentary rock deposited in the Helena embayment of the eastern Belt basin. It also includes a general description of the geology between exposures of Proterozoic strata, briefly describing occurrences of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks, Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, and Tertiary igneous rocks. A stratigraphic column is provided for refeference.

Topics: Surficial geology, Fossils, Structures, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

A Traverse Across the Central Belt Basin From Bowmans Corner, Montana to East Hope, Idaho part of MT Field Guides
This road log highlights a variety of sedimentary rock types and structures along a transect of the Rocky Mountain Fold and Thrust Belt. The log follows Montana Highway 200, which crosses the central part of the Middle Proterozoic Belt basin from the Montana disturbed belt to Missoula, where it turns northwesterly into northern Idaho, traversing rocks of the western and northwestern Belt basin. The road log begins east of the Rocky Mountain front in the disturbed belt underlain by soft, Cretaceous shale and somewhat more resistant sandstone units. Next, the road log passes into the eastern thrust belt where thrust faults bring Belt rocks first over Cretaceous, then over Paleozoic rocks, and finally over Proterozoic rocks farther to the west. At Rogers Pass, the route crosses the Continental Divide and into the Ovando block where Cenozoic listric normal faults form the major structures. The leading edge of the western thrust belt is encountered at Bonner, MT. From Missoula, Highway 200 trends northwestward to northern Idaho and diagonally crosses the western part of the Belt basin. Changes in grain-size and sediment type observable from outcrops along this road log illustrate the evolution of sedimentary transport and facies tracts within the central part of the Belt basin.

Topics: Surficial geology, Structures, Fossils, Metamorphic rocks, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Structural Geology of the Sawtooth Range at Sun River Canyon, Montana Disturbed Belt, Montana part of MT Field Guides
The Sawtooth Range is one of the best exposed examples of imbricate thrust faulting in the foreland fold and thrust belt of the western United States. It is an outstanding field classroom for the demonstration of stratal shortening and the various structural features associated with thrust belt terranes. This 7-stop traverse through Sun River Canyon offers excellent exposures of thrust contacts along the road and panoramic views of stacked thrust sheets and demonstrates the dependence of structural style on relative competence of units in the stratigraphic section.

Topics: Structures, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Multiple Catastrophic Drainage of Glacial Lake Missoula, Montana part of MT Field Guides
This field guide describes two localities related to the history and drainage of Glacial Lake Missoula northwest of Missoula, Montana. The first site highlights spectacular erosional and depositional features that illustrate the effects of extremely large discharge related to the drainage of the lake. In a sense, the area is the world's most extravagant natural flume experiment. Features include bedrock basins (scoured by flood waters), large deltaic bars, and megaripples as large as 35 feet from crest to trough. The second site, a large roadcut along I-90, contains a record of at least 36 fillings of the lake, presumably during Pinedale(?) time, suggesting that drainage occurred many times. Another roadcut exposes a similar, but unstudied record of deposition in a higher terrace that probably formed during Bull Lake(?) time and may indicate an older history of lake formation and drainage.

Topics: Surficial geology, Hydrology, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Geology Along Going-To-The-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, Montana part of MT Field Guides
This guide to the geology along Going-to-the-Sun Road in Glacier National Park describes many of the major geologic features of the Park. It is directed toward the Park visitor with little no no background in geology. The guide begins with a short introduction to the science of geology and the geologic time scale, followed by a simplified geologic cross section through the Park from SW to NE. The bulk of the field guide is a 21-stop road log, keyed to numered octagonal signs along the road, which describes the geology along the road. A glossary of geologic terms and an appendix is included which contains a brief geologic history of Glacier National Park, explanations of rock colors and fossil algae (stromatolites), and descriptions of the Proterozoic rock formations that can be seen along the Going-to-the-Sun Road. An extremely useful resource included at the back of the book is a fold-out geologic map, plotted on an oblique shaded-relief diagram, that depicts the landscape and the distribution of rock formations and faults in the vicinity of Going-to-the-Sun Road.

Topics: Metamorphic rocks, Sedimentary rocks, Igneous rocks, Structures, Surficial geology, Fossils
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt

Middle Proterozoic Belt Supergroup, Western Montana part of MT Field Guides
From Great Falls, to Butte, Helena Glacier National Park and Spokane, this field trip crosses onto the leading edge of the Rocky Mountain thrust belt and proceeds to the stratiform copper-silver deposits in the Revett Formation of the Troy Mine in the main part of the Belt basin. The road log includes sections on the paleontology of the Middle Proterozoic Belt Supergroup, stromatolites of the Belt Supergroup (specific to Glacier National Park), Middle Proterozoic Tectonics of the Belt basin, and a sedimentologic and tectonic interpretation of the Belt Supergroup.

Topics: Structures, Fossils, Surficial geology, Metamorphic rocks, Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks
Geographic Location: Northwest Montana
Geologic Province: Rocky Mountain Fold-Thrust Belt