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Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene Sequence, Bug Creek Area, Northeastern Montana part of MT Field Guides
Study of the Late Cretaceous-Paleocene sequence in the Bug Creek Area and the rest of the Fort Peck Fossil Field has contributed greatly to our understanding of the paleoecology and stratigraphy of dinosaur extinction and the primary radiation of Tertiary placental mammals. The area features at least 133 species of spores and pollen, 93 species of Cretaceous vertebrates (including 30 species of mammals and 19 species of dinosaurs), 24 species of Paleocene mammals, as well as the oldest ungulate and primate specimens ever found. Fossil leaves and wood have also been described. The area also includes well-studied localities of the K/T boundary containing Ir-rich clay and shocked quartz. No section of terrestrial sediments across the K/T boundary has been studied in as many ways as this one. This has been and will continue to be a major locality at which to study evidence for various hypotheses about the events at the K/T boundary.
Geographic Location: Northeast Montana
Geologic Province: Montana Plains