# Activities

## Materials for Lab and Class

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# Subject: Geoscience

# Quantitative Skills

- Algebra 32 matches
- Arithmetic/Computation 96 matches
- Differential Equations and Integrals 18 matches
- Estimation 59 matches
- Fourier Series, Spectral Analysis 1 match
- Fractions and Ratios 9 matches
- Gathering Data 6 matches
- Geometry and Trigonometry 45 matches
- Graphs 85 matches
- Logarithms/Exponential Functions 34 matches
- Models and Modeling 56 matches
- Probability and Statistics 72 matches
- Problem Solving 101 matches
- Scientific Notation 10 matches
- Units and Unit Conversions 55 matches
- Vectors and Matrices 8 matches

Results 11 - 20 of **246 matches**

The Modern Atmospheric CO2 Record part of Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience:Teaching with Data:Examples

Bob Mackay, Clark College

Students compare carbon dioxide (CO2) data from Mauna Loa Observatory, Barrow (Alaska), and the South Pole over the past 40 years to help them better understand what controls atmospheric CO2. -

Back-of-the-Envelope Calculations: Weight of Gold part of Quantitative Skills:Activity Collection

Barb Tewksbury, Hamilton College

Question Let's suppose that you have a shoe box full of water (the box is waterproof, of course). The shoe box weighs about 9 kg (19.8 pounds). Suppose you emptied the box and filled it completely with rock ...

Estimating Exchange Rates of Water in Embayments using Simple Budget Equations. part of Quantitative Skills:Activity Collection

Keith Sverdrup, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Simple budgets may be used to estimate the exchange of water in embayments that capitalize on the concept of steady state and conservation principals. This is especially true for bays that experience a significant exchange of freshwater. This exchange of freshwater may reduce the average salt concentration in the bay compared to seawater if it involves addition of freshwater from rivers, R, and/or precipitation, P. Alternatively, it may increase the average salt concentration in the bay compared to seawater if there is relatively little river input and high evaporation, E. Since freshwater input changes the salt concentration in the bay, and salt is a conservative material, it is possible to combine two steady state budgets for a bay, one for salt and one for water, to solve for the magnitude of the water flows that enter and exit the bay mouth. Students will make actual calculations for the inflow and outflow of water to Puget Sound, Washington and the Mediterranean Sea and compare them to actual measured values.

Exercise 8: Using LiDAR and GPS data to model the water table in ArcScene part of Cutting Edge:GIS and Remote Sensing:Activities2

Barb Tewksbury, Hamilton College

Barbara and David Tewksbury, Hamilton College Tutorial for using the new LiDAR tools (LAS dataset and LAS toolbar) in ArcGIS 10.1 (Acrobat (PDF) 13.8MB Nov6 13). Same LiDAR Tutorial as a Word doc (Microsoft Word ...

Is There a Trend in Hurricane Number or Intensity? part of Cutting Edge:Hurricanes-Climate Change Connection:Activities

Todd Ellis, SUNY College at Oneonta

This lab guides students through an examination of the hurricane record to determine if there is a trend in hurricane intensity over the past 40 years and introduces some issues related to statistics and ...

Northridge: A Case Study of an Urban Earthquake part of Cutting Edge:GIS and Remote Sensing:Activities2

Michael Mayhew, National Science Foundation;

Michael Mayhew and Michelle Hall, Science Education Solutions Summary The 1994 Northridge Earthquake Case Study explores the mystery of how such a major fault could have been missed within a tectonic basin that is ...

Heat Capacity of Minerals: A Hands-On Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics part of Cutting Edge:Courses:Mineralogy:Activities

David Bailey, Hamilton College

Minerals are inorganic chemical compounds with a wide range of physical and chemical properties. Geologists frequently measure and observe properties such as hardness, specific gravity, color, etc. Unfortunately, ...

Calculating a Simple Phase Diagram: Diamond=Graphite part of Cutting Edge:Courses:Petrology:Teaching Examples

Dexter Perkins, University of North Dakota-Main Campus

This is a very short exercise designed to get students to understand how the Gibbs energy equation is used to calculate the location of a reaction in P-T space. I use it in-class and have students work on it in ...

Introduction to Gibbs Energy part of Cutting Edge:Courses:Petrology:Teaching Examples

Dexter Perkins, University of North Dakota-Main Campus

This is a short project that can be used in-class or as homework. It involves just a few questions and it is intended to help students understand the idea of Gibbs free energy.

Problem set: Constructing metamorphic phase diagrams using phase equilibria and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation part of Cutting Edge:Courses:Petrology:Teaching Examples

Mark Brandriss

In this problem set students construct a P-T phase diagram for the aluminosilicate polymorphs based on experimental phase equilibria and application of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. The problem set uses unit ...