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Geoscientific Thinking Resources and References

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Language use reflects scientific methodology: A corpus-based study of peer-reviewed journal articles
S. Argamon
The authors present a detailed linguistic analysis of scientific publications supporting that the differences in methodologies between experimental and historical sciences will be reflected in the ...

Tracking the Footprints Puzzle: The problematic persistence of science-as-process in teaching the nature and culture of science
C. R. Ault, J. Dodick
The authors emphasize that the story is what drives science, rather than the process, and include a thorough summary of the literature that seeks (and fails) to find the unifying themes of science. ...

Geosemiosis
V. R. Baker
Baker argues that geoscientists have not been active in developing a philosophy of geoscience. He contends that this paper marks an attempt to begin to describe the philosophical underpinnings of ...

Understanding Scientific Methodology in the Historical and Experimental Sciences via Language Analysis
J. Dodick, S. Argamon, P. Chase
This paper covers the same material as Argamon et al. (2008), though it is written in a more approachable style for the science education research audience. The authors include a review of studies of ...

Geological reasoning; geology as an interpretive and historical science
R. Frodeman
The goal of this paper is to encourage conversation between those who practice in the disciplines of geology and philosophy, lamenting the lack of attention that has been given to geology in favor of ...

What is it like to be a geologist? A phenomenology of geology and its epistemological implications
T. Raab, R. Frodeman
The authors of this article take a philosophical approach to geological field work, and describe how field work differs fundamentally from laboratory work. The authors build on the idea that field ...

Unique geologic insights from non-unique gravity and magnetic interpretation
R. W. Saltus
The authors address the fact that there are multiple possible interpretations of potential field anomalies (gravity and magnetic data), causing many to believe that any particular interpretation is ...

How Geoscientists Think and Learn
K. Kastens, C. Manduca, C. Cervato, R. Frodeman, C. Goodwin, L. Liben, D. Mogk, T. Spangler, N. Stillings, S. Titus
This work shows that while geoscientists use a broad range of tools to study a diversity of problems, they share a distinctive set of approaches and perspectives that are particularly well suited to ...

Twelve Key 20th-Century Discoveries in the Geosciences
P. D. Lowman
While this paper is not strictly about geoscience methods, it is an interesting perspective on the discipline as a whole. It is worth noting that the vast majority of the discoveries that Lowman ...

Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth
C.A. Manduca, D.W. Mogk
What does it mean to be a geoscientist? What characterizes the expertise that geoscientists bring to understanding the Earth? How do students develop this expertise? This volume brings together ...