You can use this page to browse through all of the individual visualizations that have been cataloged in our digital library. You can also browse them as
Detecting El NiÃo in Sea Surface Temperature Data
SST anomalies for December 1997 displayed in My World GISâ. Red indicates above average temperatures compared to average SST temperatures for December data averaged over the years 1982-1998. This chapter introduces you to normal seasonal sea surface temperature (SST) variation as well as extreme variation, as in the case of El NiÃo and La NiÃa events, in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. You will learn how to download seasonal SST data from the Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL), via a THREDDS server, for the years 1982 to 1998. With My World GIS, you will visualize and analyze that data, looking for the tell-tale SST signature of El NiÃo and La NiÃa events that occurred during that time period. At the conclusion of the chapter, you will be given the opportunity to analyze a season of your own choosing to determine if an El NiÃo and La NiÃa SST pattern emerged in that year's data.
Dynamics of Steady-State Drainage Basins: An Experimental Approach
This site contains animations and data of erosion on a small scale and numerical landscape erosion models. Erosion on small scale models were developed in an erosion facility that allows a miniature landscape to erode through several relief distances at constant base level fall and rainfall rates. Numerical landscape erosion animations are modified from published models with changes to numerical lattice boundaries such as stream curvatures, hillslope failure and directional diffusion. Tables and diagrams provide spatial and temporal statistics of experimental landscapes. Also available on this website are PDF versions of Les Hasbargen's publications and presentations.
Indian Ocean Tsunami Quicktime Animation
This Quicktime animation, by Dr. Steven Ward at the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics at the University of California - Santa Cruz, shows the tsunami's progress across the Indian Ocean. It also shows some water level graphs and wave run-up heights throughout the region.
The Physics of Tsunamis
This site from the University of Washington includes a Quicktime movie that shows the propagation of the earthquake-generated 1960 Chilean tsunami across the Pacific Ocean. The page also describes the physics of tsunamis through several exploration questions.
My World GIS
My World is a Geographic Information System (GIS) designed specifically for use in middle school through college classrooms. My World provides a carefully selected subset of the features of a professional GIS environment. These features include multiple geographic projections, table and map views of data, distance-measurement tools, buffering and query operations, and customizable map display. They have been selected to provide the greatest value to students without overwhelming them with complexity. The features are accessed through a supportive interface designed with the needs of students and teachers in mind. My World can import data from the industry-standard shapefile format, as well as from tab and comma-delimited text files. In the future, it will be able to communicate directly with GPS-enabled handheld devices. The web site features links to download My World GIS software along with sample data and documentation. This resource is part of the Using Global Data Sets collection. http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/globaldata02/
Listening to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami quake
This resource is an abstract. This study tracks the movement of the rupture that caused the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami by comparing recordings of sound waves from five sensors located around the Indian Ocean. The data were used to triangulate the location of sound wave source. Results indicated that the rupture first moved northwest at 2.4 kilometers per second along the Sunda trench then slowed to 1.5 kilometers per second around 600 kilometers from the earthquake's epicenter. The author indicates that the slower speed of the rupture was unusual for an earthquake caused by a rupture close to the surface.
How volcanic eruptions cause tsunamis
This study investigates the effect of pyroclastic flows on tsunami generation. The authors analyzed several possible mechanisms that occur when the particle rich flows encounter water and conclude that the volume and density of the basal flow has a close correlation with the wave's amplitude and wavelength, which can be used to model the water movement in lakes, bays and oceans.
Using GPS for earthquake imaging
This resource provides an abstract. The authors used a dense array of Global Positioning System (GPS) stations to model how the Earth slipped during the 2003 8.0-magnitude Tokachi-Oki earthquake near Japan. Results indicate that displacements of more than one meter occurred in approximately 20 seconds on Hokkaido. It was found that while satellite data are less precise than traditional seismic data, GPS has the advantage in measuring displacement since seismometers cannot distinguish between the ground's acceleration and rotation.
Discover Our Earth
Discover Our Earth contains a wide range of information related to Earth science using graphs, maps, and movies. The focal topics are earthquakes, volcanoes, topography, plate tectonics, and sea level change. There are three main areas to access the data: Educators, Students, and Web Tools. The Educators section is designed to provide teachers with basic background information about selected Earth science topics and suggest several student activities and exercises that can be employed in classroom settings. Educators are encouraged to adopt, adapt, and modify exercises to suit their needs or situation. The Students section provides critical background information and primarily prepares students to start using the web tool QUEST (Quick Use Earth Science Study Tool). Using QUEST, students are able to experiment and test their own ideas and hypotheses related to any topics provided in these pages. With the tools and information provided, students are able to actively engage in an earth science knowledge discovery, critically evaluate the data and results, and reach their own conclusions about the earth system processes. Two Java-based, interactive data analyses and mapping tools allow customized access to a large variety of earth science data sets that are used by research scientists. The first Java applet, QUEST, has been designed and developed to be used by beginning and intermediate level earth science students. It has an easy-to-use interface that allows access to key earth science data sets. The second Java applet, GEOID (Geoscience Interactive Data tool), is more appropriate for advanced users, and provides a dynamic mapping interface and can be used to access all of the underlying earth science data sets.