Formation and preservation of raindrop imprints
This activity was selected for the On the Cutting Edge Reviewed Teaching Collection
This activity has received positive reviews in a peer review process involving five review categories. The five categories included in the process are
- Scientific Accuracy
- Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments
- Pedagogic Effectiveness
- Robustness (usability and dependability of all components)
- Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page
For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.
This page first made public: Jul 3, 2006
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Students design an experiment to investigate the formation and/or preservation of raindrop imprints. Students experience working in groups, designing an experiment, collecting data, and presenting data both orally and in writing.
This exercise is used in an elective undergraduate course in sedimentary geology. Students typically take the course in their junior or senior year.
Skills and concepts that students must have mastered
Controls on grain size, interpretation of sedimentary structures, basic understanding of the scientific method
How the activity is situated in the course
This exercise follows (1) lecture, lab, and field work concerning how grain size reflects the physical environment and transportation mechanisms and (2) lab and field interpretation of sedimentary structures.
Content/concepts goals for this activity
Interpretation of sedimentary structures
Higher order thinking skills goals for this activity
Students better appreciate the variety of variables that can alter formation and preservation of a sedimentary structure. In designing their experiment they must decide how to deal with the many variables by forming a testable hypothesis and by synthesizing information on grain size and sedimentary structures previously covered in the class.
Other skills goals for this activity
Working in groups. Deciding how best to present data. Oral presentation. Writing.
Description of the activity/assignment
Students work in groups to study some aspect of formation and/or preservation of raindrop imprints. They start by generating a list of variables that might affect formation or preservation of this sedimentary structure. Using this list, they propose testable hypotheses and then focus their study on one hypothesis. They collect materials needed to carry out their study and then do it. They need to document what they did and how they did it. The groups present their study to the class orally and in writing.
Determining whether students have met the goals
The evaluation is mainly based on the written report. The introduction needs to include a discussion of the importance of their study and the hypothesis to be tested. The methods must be clear and easily reproduced. The results should be clearly presented. The discussion should tie to the results and hypothesis; they should revisit the importance of the study.
More information about assessment tools and techniques.
Download teaching materials and tips
Pardi, R.R., and Brickner, D., 1990, Modern and fossil raindrop impressions as a lesson in interpretation of ancient sedimentary features: Journal of Geoscience Education, v. 38, p. 316-317.