Use of Analogies
Seeing similarity between two processes or events and drawing inferences from that is an example of using analogies for learning. Instructors use analogies throughout their lectures. When an instructor uses phrases such as "similarly," "likewise," "in the same way as," "in comparison to," and "just like," they are generally using analogies to help students grasp a concept. Glynn et al. (1995) suggests "mapping" shared attributes between the analogue and target. The goal is to transfer ideas from a familiar concept (the analogue) to an unfamiliar one (the target) by mapping their relationship.
Context for Use
Description and Teaching Materials
Using the "wrapper" approach you as instructor can present a concept or situation and ask students to identify at least one analogy to what they already "know." These can be collected and a sample of answers presented (this is where the use on technology can be helpful). For those displayed the instructor can talk through how the submitted analogies are applicable and, as appropriate, under what conditions they would not be appropriate.
Alternatively, after students have submitted their analogies you may ask them to discuss their analogies in small groups and challenge them to think about the limitations of each analogy presented. This can be followed with an editing of their original idea.