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Geomorphology Vignettes

These illustrated essays have been contributed by participants in the Teaching Geomorphology in the 21st Century workshop in 2008. The vignettes are drafts that are being written and revised by the participants and are not finished products.


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Catastrophic glacial-lake outburst spillways: form and process relationships.
Alan Kehew
Proglacial Lake outbursts along the southern margins of the Laurentide Ice Sheet As the Laurentide Ice Sheet retreated northward through the Great Plains and midwest area of North America, meltwater drainage ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Fluvial, Glacial/Periglacial
Vignette Type: Process

Tunnel Channels of the Saginaw Lobe, Michigan, USA
Alan Kehew
Introduction Drainage of meltwater from a glacier occurs at the surface of the glacier, as well as internally and between the ice and its bed. Different components of the meltwater drainage system commonly ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Glacial/Periglacial
Vignette Type: Process

Fluvial terrace history, Kings Creek, Manhattan, Kansas
charles oviatt
Natural cutbank exposures along streams can provide information about the geomorphic history of the stream valley. In a fluvial system, extrinsic factors, such as climate, tectonics, or land use, can lead to ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landscape Evolution, Landforms/Processes:Fluvial, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes
Vignette Type: Chronology, Process, Stratigraphy

The Snowplow, Lake Bonneville, Utah
charles oviatt
Lake Bonneville was the largest of the late Pleistocene lakes in the Great Basin of western North America (Fig. 1). It occupied the basin of modern Great Salt Lake and was hydrographically closed during its ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Coastal-zone, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landscape Evolution, Climate/Paleoclimate, Landforms/Processes
Vignette Type: Stratigraphy, Process, Chronology

(Sediment) Accounting 101: An Example
Chuck Podolak
I. Introduction Rivers transport both water and sediment [rock fragments such as sand and gravel] from hillsides to the oceans. As sediment moves downstream it creates river bars, accumulates into floodplains, and ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Fluvial, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:GIS/Mapping/Field Techniques
Vignette Type: Computation, Process

Arroyo Cutting in the Southwestern U.S.
Jonathan Harvey
Introduction In the semiarid southwestern United States, water is extremely important. However, most streams in the region are ephemeral, meaning that they are dry for much of the year and flow only during flash ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Dating and Rates, Landforms/Processes:Fluvial, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Arid Region Geomorphology, Climate/Paleoclimate
Vignette Type: Stratigraphy, Process, Chronology

Coastal Geomorphology and Policy Applications along Southern Monterey Bay, California
Douglas Smith
Introduction Global sea level stood between 100 m and 130 m lower than today's sea level 18,000 years ago at the peak of the latest ice age. Since that time, melting ice and thermally expanding oceans have ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landscape Evolution, Geomorphology as applied to other disciplines, Landforms/Processes, Landforms/Processes:Coastal-zone, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:GIS/Mapping/Field Techniques
Vignette Type: Process

Marine Geomorphology: Geomorphic Processes, Hazards, and Paradoxes in Monterey Canyon
Douglas Smith
Introduction While traditional geomorphic studies focus on the geologic processes and products that shape our terrestrial topography, there are equally exciting opportunities to explore the other 71% of the planet ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Mass Movement, Coastal-zone, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes, Geomorphology as applied to other disciplines, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Earthquakes, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Dating and Rates, GIS/Mapping/Field Techniques
Vignette Type: Process, Computation

The Occurrence of Small-Scale Debris Fans in Sandstone Landscapes of the Central Appalachians
Steve Taylor
Alluvial fans occur in diverse landscapes, and represent critical sites of sediment routing in mountainous watersheds. These radiating, wedge-shaped deposits of sediment are commonly associated with high-energy ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes:Fluvial, Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:GIS/Mapping/Field Techniques, Landforms/Processes
Vignette Type: Process, Computation

Mapping erosion with glacial and fluvial sediment cooling ages in Garnet Canyon
Lisa Tranel, Illinois State University
Mountains are shaped by ice and water moving over rock surfaces and transporting sands, gravel, cobbles, and boulders away from their original source. Glaciers and streams erode rock most efficiently at different ...

Subject: Geomorphology: Geoscience:Geology:Geomorphology:Landforms/Processes, Landscape Evolution
Vignette Type: Stratigraphy, Process

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